SAP Enterprise Structure

The SAP enterprise structure is an organizational structure that represents the SAP enterprise system R / 3. It consists of some organizational units which, for legal reasons or for other reasons or reasons some companies combined . Organizational units are legal entities of the company, sales offices , profit centers, etc. OR treat certain business functions .
OU's can be attributed to a single unit (eg, a sales organization assigned to modules Sales (SD ) or modules (such as management of assigned materials vegetables ( MM) and planning modules production (PP )) of R / 3 SAP . flexibility can be a complex business structure. structure can incorporate a business, connecting the OU's conception of the structure of the business is a fundamental process in the SAP design project. mainly determined by the business scenarios performed in an enterprise. both design , which will affect many things, like how to make a transaction and report on the SAP system . If possible requires great efforts to change the structure of the company. therefore we must ensure that the structure of the company to implement SAP project can accommodate all business scenarios and requirements for enterprises current situation and future .
Since MM and FICO view , the formal structure of the company can be considered as the image below.
U2022 client is the highest level of all organizational units in the R / 3 component of SAP systems. The client can be a group of companies with many subsidiaries. SAP has its own database of customer data (used in the R / 3 long term for various business processes, such as customers , suppliers and the data of the material) . In SAP , a client represented by a single 4 - number of digits.
U2022 company is a unit included in the assessment of a legally independent company . The balance sheets and results declarations required by law, created in the level of the company code. The Company Code is the smallest organizational unit that we can have an independent outside accountant , for example , a company belonging to a group (client) . In SAP , the company code is represented by a single 4 - digit string for a specific client. It is essential for the organization of financial accounting. At least there is a company code to a client. We can define several codes of a client company to manage several independent legal entities simultaneously, each with its own balanced set of financial books. In addition to the code of the company, under FICO is another important organizational unit check box. The control zone is the business unit that performs cost accounting. Usually there is a relationship between a control area and company code . For the purposes of cost accounting in the enterprise, a zone control can manage multiple business costs a company .